Language Vocabulary

We did this mind map with Tin Reynal, Agus Bravo and Felix Okecki.

MindMap

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Histogram

In history we analyzed differnt characters, mainly artists, politicians and inventors, and we did an instagram account based on ther lifes and work. I worked with Agustin Reynal, and we chose James Watt as our character.

James Watt

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My Son, the Fanatic

These are the activities Pato gaves us according to the story we read “My Son, the Fanatic”.

Task 1
1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?
-At the beginning of the story, we are able to see how difficult is is for parvez to communicate with Ali, as he works for long hours, and has not much time to spend with his son. Moreover, Parvez culture is a very particular one, in which most things are already established, and he does not really know how to approach to his son, as he has never been taught how to do it. As a consequence, he does not really know how to be a father or how to be a model for Ali. In addition, through the story, this difficulties to communicate become more clear due to Parvez and Ali’s ideological differences, which in a way destroy their already poor relationship, and leave in evidence Parvez’s fear towards his son.

2. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?
-Parvez dream for his son is for him to take advantage of all his father’s effort and hard work, by working hard with his education and becoming an accountant. He also dreams for Ali adapting as an English man, a “normal” man.

3. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
a. Parvez
b. Ali
c. Bettina
-Parvez is a very hard working and devoted man, but a bit stubborn and disloyal, as he tries to adapt to the English life becoming something he really wasn’t, and also betraying his wife having a lover. In the end, he is just a not too intelligent man who has communication problems and just cares about his son’s future.
Ali, is a very strange but fanatic young man, who is loyal and original, and is willing to sacrifice everything for his religion. In a way, he is also a selfish character, as he ignores everything his father has done for him.
Finally, Bettina is a good poor woman, who is merciful as she feels sad for Parvez and his son. Her job is highly considered beneath one’s dignity, but she still keeps going, so we may say she is brave as well.

4. How would you describe the following relationships?
a. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story
b. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story
c. Parvez and Bettina
d. Parvez and his coworkers
e. Parvez and his wife
a.The relation is quite mysterious as Parvez is worried of Ali’s changes in mood and their lack of communication.
b.This is a really violent and toxic relation, Parvez even seems to try to kill Ali thanks to his lack of obedience.
c.They have a really private relation, Bettina acts like Parvez’s wife talking with him about his problems and giving him “a ride for a ride”.
d.Parvez and his coworkers seem to be really good friends as he goes put with them to drink something, talk and have fun, when his is not working or sleeping.
e.This is probably the weakest relation in the story as Parvez barely talks to his wife and gives almost no participation to her in his life and his son’s life.

5. What advice does Bettina give Parvez?
Bettina advised several times to Parvez. For instance when he suggests to look into Alis eyes in order to know whether he was consuming or not. Also, and the most important thing, is that Bettina suggests to parvez to talk to Ali about what was going on. To communicate with is son.

6. What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?
-The memory which haunts Parvez from Pakistan, goes back to his childhood. He did not a have a clear model to follow, he did not have too much food to eat and develop properly, and he did not have a good education to grow up well and understand the world as it was.

7. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?
-The rule that Ali criticizes the most is the constant drinking of alcohol. Parvez is constantly drinking “he went more often to the whisky bottle, even when he was at work”. Also he ate crispy bacon, which was forbidden by the Koran. The western culture was full of hypocrites, adulters, homosexualsm drug usres and prostitutes.

8. Why does Parvez like England?
Parvez likes England since it has nothing to do with Pakistan. Parvez worked so hard in order to be able to leave Pakistan, and England represents, in a way, all that effort he put in order to be able to have a better life, with good conditions. Parvez had spent lots of money to give his son the best of possibilities. In fact the son is able to study, something his father was not lucky enough to do. In opposition to his father, since it has nothing to do with his roots, and their traditions. In addition, his religion and true nationality are not fully accepted. Also London represents the capitalist world which blames them for all the problems in the middle east.

9. Why does Ali hate London?
Ali hates London for two main reasons. First, people in London don’t live according to the Quran and its rules, they drink alcohol, they eat pork, they accept prostitutes and none of them prays. Second, Ali says that London was attacking his people which is actually true as England, among other countries, bombarded and damaged muslim countries and communities more than ones in pursuit of power and fortune. Also, London doesn’t fully accepts muslims, so many of them have to adapt to a religion and culture which is alien to them.

10. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?
Probably the last straw which turned Parvez into a violent man was the fact that Ali didn’t even glance when his father entered angry to the room, in a sense of indifference towards the figure of his father. In addition, Ali was not simply avoiding his father but also praying muslim prayers which were not accepted by Parvez who was immersed in the occidental culture.

11. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?
In the last line of the story Ali says “So who’s the fanatic now?”, after being kicked and aggressed by his father because of being considered a muslim fanatic by Pervez. This phrase has a lot of meaning in the story as it shifts the roles of the characters, Parvez from a peaceful guy to a fanatic and Ali from a muslim fanatic to a peaceful muslim. With this Ali means that the one who is a fanatic is his father as his is willing to sacrifice the life of his son in order to protect his thoughts or even the thought that were imposed to him, after Parvex accusing Ali of being a fanatic.

Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online

Exposition: Parvez discovers his son Ali has no real plans for his future, but to devote himself to his religion, as he discovers he is a truly extremist fanatic.
Rising action: Ali, shows his total opposition to the English society (when he is in the car with Parvez and Bettina), and his clear idea of standing for his ideals and religion. He also insults both Bettina and his father, causing a rise in tension.
Climax: Parvez full of rage hits Ali several time, damaging his body but not his feelings.
Falling action: The falling action takes place when Ali asks Parvez “Who is the fanatic now?” stopping the aggression and causing the resolution.
Resolution: Relationship between father and son is destroyed, they will probably stop coexisting in Parvez’s house.

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Quiz Connectors

In our language class we worked with connectors and did some exercises.

Quiz

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To The Evening Star

I worked with Agustin Reynal to do this poster based on six Literature questions on Eilliam Blake’s poem “To The Evening Star”.

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Industrial Revolution

The next chart I did with Agustin Reynal shows the evolution of capitalism from the feudal economies to the first industrial revolution.

Capitalism

The order of the events is: Feudal Economies, The Rise of merchants Class, The Emergence of Capitalism, Social Impact of Capitalism, The Rise of Manufacturing and The Industrial Revolution.

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Paradise Lost

John Milton, who lived from 1608, to 1674, was a romantic and metaphysical poet.
The Romantic movement was characterized thanks to passion, emotion and nature, also Romantic vocabulary seemed to be used as everyday language. The metaphysical movement consisted on comparison between two things which made almost no sense at all and an emphasis on the spoken rather than the lyrical quality of the verses.

The poem Paradise Lost seems to take place during the beginning of humanity according to Christianism, after failed rebellion of the Satan and the creation of the universe. It portraits the disobedience of Adam and Eve, the eating of the apple and the temptations caused by the Satan.

I worked only in the tasks from 1 to 5 with Agustin Reynal and Felix Okecki.

Task 1: We could clearly say that the comparison between evening and paradise is an analogy as the author is trying to show how the evening and resting are the time of paradise every day, after working hard all day long. Also, with this comparison, he explains how the terms are seen from the point of view of religion.

Task 2:”Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray” ”Labour and rest, as day and night, to men
Successive, and the timely dew of sleep,”

These two quotes talk about day and night. The first one sets the poem in the exact moment when the day ends and the night beggins. The second one, shows Adan talking about the day and night from a more religios or human point of view, which says that we should work during the day and rest during night.

”Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,”

This quote represents the nature which was present in the poem. It talks specificaly abou animals and birds. In my opinion birds are seaparate as many of them migrate all day long so different to others, almost don’t sleep.

“With living Saphirs; Hesperus, that led”

This quote talks about jwelery and probably represents luxury and the matetial world which has a clearly a conection with the religious world.

Task 3:Enjambment is used by the writer to set a rhythm and to catch the reader’s attention.

In order to emphasize, Milton uses rimes
“Of night, and all things now retired to rest
Mind us of like repose; since God hath set
Labour and rest, as day and night, to men”

He uses aliteration
“these to their nests were slunk”

to express an emotional charge, to highlight the idea that at night it is as if animals must go and rest.

Anaphora is used, in this case, to emphasize the atmosphere of tranquility that ruled the night, as in this example
“Silence accompanied; for beast and bird,
They to their grassy couch, these to their nests
Were slunk, all but the wakeful nightingale.
She all night longer her amorous descant sung:
Silence was now pleased. Now glowed the firmament”

Task 4: Is the scene portrayed just a peacful natural scene? Could this be a funeral scene? Account for this.
For me the peacful natural scene is clearly portrayed by sleepig or resting because is the only moment you have for yourself after a hard day of work. Peace only reaches to you at that moment and that is why it is so valuable, you can think, you can relax or whatever you want, you are free. It depends, it only could be a funeral scene if you die in natural terms and not for other reason. If it is like that, death will be an eternal sleep that could bring peace forever and this could be a funeral scene. If it is not natural, neither peace or natural will reach you.

Task 5: Words related with day/night and rest/sleep
“Brightest” “sleep” “light” “work” “Heaven” “fresh morning”

Analogy: a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.  We can find two analogies in the poem ehich are evening and paradise and dday and night.

The image I chose for the first part is “They to their grassy couch, these to their nests” as it shows how the night is coming and the animals are going to sleep or rest”

The image I chose for the second pary of the poem is “And the regard of Heaven on all his ways“, as it shows how heaven would be given to those who worked during day and rested at night.

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Vocabulary Mind Map

For literature we were told to make and post a mind map using the vocabulary present in different stories. I worked with the humorous vocabulary, these are the three presentations:

Continue reading

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Railway network

You have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

The first railways in 1855 were built with Argentine finance, which continued throughout the network’s development. Following the adoption of Bartolomé Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, mostly British. Some of this railways were sold at 8.1 million pounds (of that time) during 1890s. By 1914, the Argentine rail network attained significant growth having added 30,000 km to the network, which positioned the country as having the tenth largest rail network in the world in that year.

The change from then to now is obvious. The railway network grew a lot in the North and next to the “Río de la Plata”, probably thanks to trading, importing of products and exporting of raw material. However, there is almost no change in the railway network in the Southern area, provinces such as Tierra del Fuego, Chubut or Santa Cruz.

Also, we can see a great difference between Argentina in 1800s and Great Britain´s railway networks in 1800s. There were a lot more railways present in England compared to Argentina! This was probably thanks to the trained professionals England had, and the size of England compared to the size of Argentina, which made the railways look shorter or fewer in Argentina which is actually gudge compared to England.

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Ensayo Final Boom Latinoamericano

Camila, nuestra profesora de lengua, nos dijo que escribirsemos un ensayo telacionado con el boom latinoamericano y sus caracteristicas.

Consigna:

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

Ensayo:

Al hablar de el libro El Llano en Llamas de Juan Rulfo nos referimos a los cuentos “Nos han dado la tierra” y “La noche que lo dejaron solo”. Estos cuentos describen perfectamente Latinoamérica en términos políticos, sociales y geográficos, y gracias a esto se pueden relacionar con el Boom latinoamericano.

En primer lugar, el cuento “Nos han dado la tierra”, presenta una gran cantidad de características propias de una naturaleza extrema y extraordinaria. El cuento transcurre en un llano denominado como “el llano”, en que que abunda un calor sofocante y una casi completa falta de vida. Primero, el calor y el ambiente seco parece hacer difícil la vida en el llano pir la falta de agua y plantas, ya que no es fácil para los personajes ni hablar gracias a que sus palabras calientan sus bocas y también hacen difícil su paso por el llano ya que al principio el grupo de personas cruzando el llano era de más de veinte y por diferentes razones se convirtió en un grupo de solamente 4. “Uno platica aquí y las palabras se calientan en la boca con el calor de afuera…”. Esta cita, muestra como dije la imposibilidad de hablar por parte de los personajes ya que al hacerlo la boca se les inunda de un calor insoportable el cual amenaza con la muerte. “Cae una gota de agua, grande, gorda, haciendo un agujero en la tierra…pero no hay ninguna más…ahora si se mira el cielo se ve la nube aguacera corriéndose muy lejos, a toda prisa.” Esta cita, muestra la escasez de agua en este llano, solo cae una gota y se ve como la gota reacciona con el suelo completamente seco. Además se puede decir que el agua da vida, y si no hay nada de agua en este llano tampoco hay vida, solo estos cuatro hombres quienes mueren de sed. Segundo, se puede apreciar otra caracteristica tipica de la naturaleza Latinoamericana, la magnitud de esta en el paisaje. El llano tiene una magnitud gigantesca la cual ocupa todo lo que el ojo pueda ver, y esto se deja muy en claro ya que solo se puede apreciar el llano y ya que vienen caminando hace días y todavía no ven ni un pueblo. “Uno ha creído a veces, en medio de este camino sin orillas, que nada habría después; que no se podría encontrar nada al otro lado” “¿Quién diablos haría este llano tan grande?”. Esto demuestra no solo el tamaño del llano sino cómo lo percibían los personajes quienes caminaban por el llano desde quien sabe cuando, no le encontraban ningún sentido.

En segundo lugar, se puede apreciar una problemática relacionada a la revolución o a la guerra, tipica Latinoamericana, en el cuento “La Noche que lo Dejaron Solo”. En este cuento se encuentran tres personajes cruzando una llanura, con munición o armas cargadas, los cuales intentan llegar a un destino o objetivo. Lo peligroso de esta travesía son las consecuencias de llevar armas, ya que podés terminar siendo asesinado por esto. En este cuento se puede ver la inseguridad y este ambiente de guerra o revolucion presentes más que nada en países latinoamericanos. Esta es la razón por la cual los personajes no quieren ser avistados cargando armas, ya temen ser asesinados y así pasa al final de la historia.”Le parecía oír a los arrieros que decían: “Lo vimos allá arriba. Es así y asá, y trae muchas armas.”” Esta cita de el cuento “La Noche que lo Dejaron Solo” muestra como el cargar armas o rifles era una actividad peligrosa e “ilegal” ya que la gente se alertaba al ver algo así y debía avisar a las autoridades, como es el caso de los arrieros.”Mi mayor dice que si no viene de hoy a mañana, acabamos con el primero que pase y así se cumplirán las órdenes.” Esta segunda frase, representa perfectamente la corrupción e inseguridad presentes por parte del gobierno o grupos armados. Se puede apreciar como cualquiera podía ser asesinado por culpa del capricho de un grupo de militares quienes buscaban cumplir órdenes.

En tercer y último lugar, me gustaría analizar la pobreza presente más que nada en el texto “Nos Han Dado la Tierra” y en ese momento muy característica de Latinoamérica. Los cuatro personajes de este texto se ven muy conectados a un malestar económico, el que en mi opinión puede ser causado por el mal repartimiento de riquezas y la imposibilidad de trabajar las tierras ya que estas parecían completamente muertas y sin valor alguno. También se aprecia el desinterés por parte del Estado hacia la pobreza de estos hombres, ya que este trata de evitar sus reclamos y de darles las tierras más inservibles posibles. “Servirá aunque sea para correr yeguas. ¿Cuales yeguas?” En mi opinión esta cita muestra la pobreza de los personajes ya que estos no se podían comprar ni una yeguas con el dinero que tenían. Solo uno de ellos parecía poseer una gallina, la cual representa la humildad ya que es un animal simple y barato. “Eso manifiesten por escrito. Y ahora váyanse. Es el latifundio al que tienen que atacar…” Estas tres oraciones son dichas por el representante del gobierno, quien le entrega el llano a los cuatro personajes del cuento. Se puede notar lo poco interesado que está este hombre con respecto a los personajes y a otorgarles una buena tierra, ya que desprecia de cierto modo a el llano.

Para concluir, en los texto recientemente mencionados y analizados, se pueden apreciar características políticas y geográficas de Latinoamérica las cuales forman el Boom en esa época.

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